F 301, Royal Plaza Apartment, Jamnagar-361008. parth@greenscapseeds.com 917861989307

We work closely with PhDs of Agriculture universities to develop new varieties of seed according to client requirement & need of the hour, Infrastructure for Marker Assisted Breeding with constantly growing Gene bank gives an edge over the competition, we witnessed Indian R & D in the Agri field come a long way.

New trait development

Gene discovery and validation Identification of genes from various sources like microbes, other plant species, etc.

Sourcing and evaluating genes of interest.

Crop transformation Inserting a foreign gene into target crop and making it function in the target crop

Resistance to biotic stress

Resistance to insects and diseases: Insects and diseases are major limiting factors for crop productivity even in a favourable season.

Tolerance to abiotic stress

Tolerance to drought and salinity: Drought is a perennial problem in India and the primary reason for low crop productivity compared to global yields.

Traits for crop management

Herbicide tolerance: Helps in better agronomic management by effectively combating the menace of weeds, which is otherwise a labor intensive procedure that needs to be carried out periodically. Failing to do so may result in yield reduction

Enhanced efficiency of nitrogen use.

Who is Green Scap Seed?

R & D

With advances in technology, our scientists can now precisely identify some of the individual traits responsible for producing a particular characteristic, such as resistance to a particular pest, so that breeding new varieties is quicker and more precise.

Sustainable high yield
Physical purity
Genetic purity
Seeds viability
Seeds vigour

Factors Influencing Seed Production:

The soil in the seed production field should be fertile with adequate irrigation and good drainage facilities. The field should be devoid of high weed incidence and free from volunteer plants (Volunteer plants are the unwanted plants growing in the seed production field from the previous seasons’ crop). The field should not be cultivated with the same crop variety in theprevious season. It should have enough sunlight and proper aeration for the effective control of pest and diseases.

While selecting the seed variety, care should be taken to select the varieties preferred by the farmers in a particular area. Healthy and uniform sized seeds from a reliable source should be selected. Seeds should be selected based on the type of seed production (i.e.) breeder seeds are required for the production of foundation seeds; foundation seeds are required for the production of certified seeds. Selected seeds should be genetically pure with high germination percentage and vigour.

Soil condition in the selected field should be suitable for the crop. The field should be ploughed thoroughly without any lumps. Green manure crops can be raised in the field in order to enhance the nutrient content of the soil. Organic manures like farmyard manure, compost and vermicompost can be used to enhance the soil fertility. Field should be irrigated well within three days of sowing to avoid hardness of the soil.

Seed Selection Salt solution can be used to remove the chaffy seeds from good seeds. Take some water in a vessel and drop an egg in it. Keep adding salt to it slowly until the egg reaches the surface of the water. When the seeds are dropped in this water, the good quality seeds will sink into the water. Remove the unviable seeds that float on the surface of the water. Wash the selected seeds in good water for 2 - 3 times to remove the salt deposits. If this is not done, the germination capacity of the seeds will be affected. By this method, the unviable seeds can be removed completely. This method should be followed when there is more of chaff.

Seed testingthe selected seeds should be tested for its viability, i.e., seed germination. Seed production and multiplication is possible only when the germination capacity is high. If the germinationrate is high ultimately the seed multiplication can also be higher.

Seed germination capacity of a seed lot refers to the capacity of the seeds in that lot to germinate normally and produce all parts of a healthy seedling and grow. The necessary parts of the seedling include well developed primary roots, young pair of leaves and one or two cotyledons. % of germination = Number of normal seedlings Total number of seeds germinated x 100 A germination rate of 70-80% is an indication of high seed viability. Germination can also be affected by seed dormancy.

Seed Vigour Seeds with good vigour will produce good quality seedlings that will grow and give good yields. Seed vigour is the sum of all the seed attributes that favours rapid and uniform standard establishment in the field under varying field conditions. In general, seeds with good germination capacity and uniformity in size will have good vigour. It varies from species to species.

Seed Dormancy is the temporary suspension of growth of viable seeds accompanied by reduced internal metabolic activity. It is the resting stage of the seed, and it delays germination of the seed. Unfavourable climatic conditions like temperature, variation and lack of water leads to seed dormancy. Dormancy may occur due to the presence of a hard seed coat, immature embryo and also due to the presence of germination inhibitors in the seeds. It may also be due to the exposure of seeds to excess heat, light or darkness and due to the presence of chemical toxins in the seeds. Dormancy of the seeds can be broken by any of the following methods, i. Scarification – Removal of the hard seed coat by rubbing the seeds with sandpaper. Eg. Pulses ii. Hot water treatment – Soak the seeds in hot water at 45-50°C. Eg. Tree crops. iii. Leaching – Soak the seeds in water for overnight to remove the germination inhibiting chemicals present in the seeds. Eg. Coriander iv. Stratification – Subject the seeds to very low temperature of 0-5°C to break the embryo dormancy. Eg. Cole crops. v. Light treatment – Some seeds do not germinate in dark and periodic exposure to light is essential to break the dormancy. Eg. Lettuce.